What does a Cycling Performance Coach do?
Most private performance cycling coaches use an online platform, such as Training Peaks or Today's Plan, to share the plan with their clients. Here they can plan out their whole year, training blocks and weeks, and prescribe detailed workouts. The client sees a calendar with instructions for each day, such as resting, off the bike workouts, endurance rides and interval sessions on the bike. These platforms can be synced with the clients cycle computers, or Strava, so that the coach can see the data from their rides. There are usually periodical tests (the infamous FTP tests for example) to set benchmarks for tracking the rider's progress. These platforms allow the coach to analyse the results of each workout, follow the rider's ongoing physiological response to the training (e.g. if it's enough to trigger their muscles to get stronger) as well as track fatigue (is it too much and risking over training), and make changes to the plan accordingly.
Most coaches do not actually meet their clients face to face, working with cyclists across the world, and conduct their communication through the online platform, emails, telephone and video calls.